Hadith & Alleged Death of Jesus -3 (Death within a century?)

Qadianis often use two Ahadith to deceive people about the death of Prophet Jesus (PBUH). Below are the two Ahadith and the facts about them.

1) First narration they bring forward is:

“There is no one alive today but will be dead before a hundred years have passed over it” (Muslim, Kunz al-Ummal, vol. 7, p. 170).

The Truth:

The Hadith infact relates to only those who lived on earth.

عَنْ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ يَقُولُا سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ …مَا عَلَى الْأَرْضِ مِنْ نَفْسٍ مَنْفُوسَةٍ تَأْتِي عَلَيْهَا مِائَةُ سَنَةٍ

Jabir bin Abdullah narrates that the Prophet (PBUH) said: “..none upon the earth, the created beings (from amongst my Companions), would survive at the end of one hundred years” ..
(Sahih Muslim, Hadith 4606. Kanz al-Ummal 14/191, H.38336)

In Sahih Muslim same has been narrated in the reports of, 1) Abdullah bin Umar (Hadith 4605, Kanz al-Ummal 38344) and 2) Abu Said (Hadith 4608. Kanz al-Ummal 38341). All these narrations have the words عَلَى الْأَرْضِ (On the earth). This no way supports the Qadiani belief against the Islamic belief because we Muslims do not hold that Jesus (PBUH) is alive on earth, we say Jesus (PBUH) is in the Heavens.

This explodes the Qadiani argument.

2) They also twist the wording of another Hadith and quote it as:

“The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: `Allah sends a wind every hundred years which takes the soul of every believer’. This hadith is sound in transmission” (Mustadrak, vol. 4, p. 475).

The Truth:

Actually the Hadith goes as:

إن لله ريحا يبعثها على رأس مائة سنة تقبض روح كل مؤمن
“Verily Allah will send a wind at the beginning of a century which will take away the soul of every believer.” (Mustadrak Hakim, Hadith 8543, quoted in Kanz al-Ummal 14/194, H.38345)
Wrong translation by Qadianis:

Actually Qadianis mistranslate this Hadith, they make it;

‘Allah sends a wind every hundred years which takes the soul of every believer’

This translation is erroneous on two accounts;

1) The wording does not necessarily give the continuous sense as if it is a rule and the wind comes time and again in cycles. The Hadith wording is just like we read in the Quran, Surah Hajj verse 7, وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُ مَنْ فِي الْقُبُورِ i.e. ‘that Allah will raise up all who are in the graves.’

2) There is nothing in the actual Arabic wording that says ‘every century.’ The word that means ‘every’ is not found in this Hadith so it’s wrong to assert that the wind comes at the start of every century. This becomes clearer if we compare it with a Hadith that tells us about Reformers whom Allah will raise at the beginning of every century. The Hadith goes as;

إن الله يبعث لهذه الأمة على رأس كل مائة سنة من يجدد لها دينها

The Prophet (PBUH) said: ‘Allah will raise for this community at the end of every century the one who will reform its religion for it.’..
(Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith 4291. Albani classified it as Sahih)

Now anyone can see the difference in the Arabic wording, the Hadith about reformers uses words ‘كل مائة سنة’ while the one about the wind uses only, ‘مائة سنة’. This difference certainly implies that the reformers will come at the beginning of every century but the wind will come at the beginning of a century.

And if Qadiani twisting is true, it would mean that no person lives for more then 100 years but it’s not like that. Many people do live for years more then a hundred; thus proved that their interpretation is utterly wrong for a true Prophet like our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) would never make a false statement. It is only the prerogative of the false prophets like Mirza Ghulam Ahmed of Qadian.

Thus proved that Qadiani translation is absolutely wrong and a fabrication.

True meaning of the Hadith:

The Hadith in actual refers to the End of Times i.e. it refers to the wind which is mentioned in other Ahadith also and will come near the End of Times and take away the soul of every believer before the terrible Trumpet is blown.

Al-Manawi in his commentary to Jami’ al-Saghir says;

المراد أن ذلك يكون في آخر الزمان على رأس قرن من القرون

‘It means it will happen near the End of the Times at the beginning of one of the centuries.’.. (Faidh al-Qadeer 2/610, Hadith 2362)

This wind is also mentioned in other Ahadith e.g.

Holy Prophet (PBUH) said;

كَذَلِكَ إِذْ بَعَثَ اللَّهُ رِيحًا طَيِّبَةً فَتَأْخُذُهُمْ تَحْتَ آبَاطِهِمْ فَتَقْبِضُ رُوحَ كُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ وَكُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ وَيَبْقَى شِرَارُ النَّاسِ يَتَهَارَجُونَ فِيهَا تَهَارُجَ الْحُمُرِ فَعَلَيْهِمْ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ
‘…at that time Allah would send a pleasant wind which would soothe (people) even under their armpits, and would take the life of every Muslim and only the wicked would survive who would commit adultery like asses and the Last Hour would come to them.’… (Sahih Muslim, Hadith 5228)

So the Hadith in question gives only a piece of additional information that when this wind will come it’ll be the beginning of some century and that’s all. Otherwise there is nothing too novel or important about this particular Hadith.

For Qadianis only: MGA died in 1326 A.H. so if the Qadiani interpretation is true also proves that MGA was not a true believer, which is true even otherwise, for he did not die in the beginning of the century and actually lived through over a quarter of it.

Truly absurd and incoherent are the arguments they bring forward!

INDEED ALLAH KNOWS BEST!

Hadith & Alleged Death of Jesus -2 (All Prophets had to die?)

Here is another Qadiani argument and its refutation. This is how they put it on one of their websites:

In his last illness, during which he died, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) entered the mosque with the support of two men to make the following address:  “O people! I have heard that you fear the death of your Prophet. Did any Prophet before me live on so that I should be expected to live on amongst you? Listen! I am about to meet my Lord, and so will you. So I bid you to treat well the early muhajirs.” (AI-Nawar ul-Muhammadiyya min al-Muwahib lil-Dinniyya, Egypt, p. 317).

The Truth:

Here is the actual text of the narration with reference to the  original source and truth about its authenticity.

أيها الناس بلغني أنكم تخافون من موت نبيكم هل خلِّد نبي قبلي فيمن بعث إليه فأخلد فيكم؟، ألا إني لاحقٌ بربي، وإنكم لاحقون به، وإني أوصيكم بالمهاجرين الأولين خيراً

“O people! It has reached me that you fear death regarding your prophet. Did any prophet before me live for ever that I should live forever amongst you? Lo! I am about to meet my Lord, so shall you meet Him. And I bid you to be good to the the early Emigrants.”

(Ahmad bin Muhammad Qastalani, Mawahib lil-Diniya vol.4 p.532, Makteb Al-Islami, Beirut 2004..&..Yusuf bin Ismail Nabhani’s Anwaar-i-Muhammadiya min Mahab lil-Diniya p.386, Darul Kutab Al-Ilmiyah, Beirut 1997)

Truth about the Narration:

Qastalani has not given any chain to this narration, he rather quotes it from Al-Fakihi’s Al-Fajar Al-Munir who in turn quotes it from Saif bin Umar’s book Al-Riddah wal-Futuh.
(Al-Zarqani, Sharah Mawahib lil-Diniya, vol.12 pp.110-111, Darul Kutab Al-Ilmiyah, Beirut 1996)

The same can be verified from Al-Fajar Al-Munir p.119 pub. Makteba Mishkaat Al-Islamiyah.

Scholarly views about Saif bin Umar:

Here are views of scholars about Saif bin Umar, the person whose book, Al-Riddah wal-Futuh, is the actual source of this narration:

Al-Mizi quotes the opinions of different scholars about him;

“Abbas Al-Dauri narrated from Yahya bin Ma’een:'[He is] weak in Hadith.’
Abu Hatim said: ‘[He is] Matrook (i.e. Rejected)’
Abu Dawud said: ‘He has nothing.’
Nasai’ and Darqutni said about him: ‘Weak’
Ibn Hibban said: ‘He comes up with fabricated narrations attributed to trustworthy narrators.'”

(Tehzib Al-Kamal 12/324 No. 2676)

Tirmidhi said: ‘[He is] Majhool’ (Jami’ Tirmidhi H.3866)

Ibn Hujr also quotes critical views of various scholars about him;

“Ibn Hibban accused him of heresy.
Hakim said: ‘He is accused of heresy. And he is disconnected in his narrations’
Barqani narrated from Darqutni: ‘[He is] Matrook (i.e. Rejected)'”

(Tehzib Al-Tehzib 4/259 No.517)

For this reason if you see the recent editions of the book Mawahib lil-Diniya e.g. one with research of Shaykh Salih Ahmad Al-Shaami referenced above you’ll clearly find this narration under the heading ‘Weak Hadith.’

In fact a weak narration like this coming through a person so severely criticized by the experts of the science of narration can never be reliable or brought as evidence except by those who are themselves of such character.

INDEED ALLAH KNOWS THE BEST!

Hadith & Alleged Death of Jesus -1 (Meaning of Tawaffa)

Qadianis use a Hadith from Sahih Bukhari in an attempt to support to their false belief regarding Jesus’ (PBUH) death. Following is an excerpt from a Qadiani site:

It is reported from Ibn Abbas that the Holy Prophet said in a sermon:… Then I shall say, as did that righteous servant of God (i.e. Jesus): I was a witness of them so long as I was among them, but when Thou didst cause me to die (tawaffaitani) Thou wast Watcher over them’… ‘
The last words of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) (`I was a witness of them …’) are taken from a verse of the Holy Quran where Jesus is quoted as replying in these very words on the Day of Judgement. It is agreed by all Muslims that, when these words are used by the Holy Prophet in the above hadith, the meaning of tawaffaitani occurring there is “Thou didst cause me to die”. So, obviously they have the same meaning when used by Jesus, i.e., Jesus was taken from his people by death, not by rising alive to heaven.

The Truth:

Below is the complete text of the Hadith and its true explanation.

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ خَطَبَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ … وَإِنَّهُ يُجَاءُ بِرِجَالٍ مِنْ أُمَّتِي فَيُؤْخَذُ بِهِمْ ذَاتَ الشِّمَالِ فَأَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ أُصَيْحَابِي فَيُقَالُ إِنَّكَ لَا تَدْرِي مَا أَحْدَثُوا بَعْدَكَ فَأَقُولُ كَمَا قَالَ الْعَبْدُ الصَّالِحُ {وَكُنْتُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيدًا مَا دُمْتُ فِيهِمْ فَلَمَّا تَوَفَّيْتَنِي كُنْتَ أَنْتَ الرَّقِيبَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأَنْتَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ} فَيُقَالُ إِنَّ هَؤُلَاءِ لَمْ يَزَالُوا مُرْتَدِّينَ عَلَى أَعْقَابِهِمْ مُنْذُ فَارَقْتَهُمْ

Ibn Abbas: The Prophet (PBUH) delivered a sermon and said, “…Lo! Some men from my followers will be brought and taken towards the left side, whereupon I will say, ‘O Lord, (these are) my companions!’ It will be said, ‘You do not know what new things they introduced (into the religion) after you.’ I will then say as the righteous pious slave, Jesus, said, ‘I was a witness over them while I dwelt among them when Thou didst take me up Thou wast the Watcher over them, and You are the Witness to all things.’ (5: 117) Then it will be said, ‘(O Muhammad) these people never stopped to apostate since you left them.”
(Bukhari, Kitabul Tafsir, Hadith 4259)

Qadianis argue that as the word تَوَفَّيْتَنِي ‘tawaffaitani‘ with reference to the Holy Prophet (PBUH) means physical death, it must have the same meaning with regards to Prophet Jesus (PBUH). But this is simply absurd and here I explain why;

1) When Holy Prophet (PBUH) said, , I will say just as the pious slave Jesus said..’, clearly he sought a parallel only in the sayings and the not their whole context and implications. This is just as if someone who has been extremely successful in debating various religions and cults on a certain forum, when asked to comment about his achievements, pronounces;  ‘I would rather say just as Julius Caesar said, ‘I came, I saw, I conquered.’ Most certainly he does not mean that he actually won a battle against the Army of Pharnaces II of Pontus, or does he?

2) The word كَمَا ‘kama‘ between two phrases does not make them exactly same. For instance, in another Hadith we read;

عن أبي واقد الليثي أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لما خرج إلى حنين مر بشجرة للمشركين يقال لها ذات أنواط يعلقون عليها أسلحتهم فقالوا يا رسول الله اجعل لنا ذات أنواط كما لهم ذات أنواط فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم سبحان الله هذا كما قال قوم موسى اجعل لنا إلها كما لهم آلهة والذي نفسي بيده لتركبن سنة من كان قبلكم

Abu Waqid Laythi (RA) reported that when the Prophet (PBUH) went out for the Battle of Hunayn, he passed by a tree belonging to the polytheists. It was known as Dhat Anwat. They used to hang down their weapons over it. The companions said, “O Messenger of Allah, make for us a Dhat Anwat as there is for them a Dhat Anwat.” He said, “Glory be to Allah! This is just as what the people of Moses (PBUH) said, ‘Make for us a god as there is for them a god.’ By Him who has my soul in His hand, you will perpetrate the practices of the people gone before you.” (Jami’ Tirmidhi, Kitabul Fitan, Hadith 2180. Albani classified it as Sahih)

In this Hadith Holy Prophet (PBUH) termed the wish of the pious companions to have a tree nominated to hang weapons on, akin to the wish of the people of Moses (PBUH) to have pagan deity like a certain people. Obviously the Prophet (PBUH) did not mean that both wishes were exactly same rather, it only pointed to the same spirit of following the ways of disbelievers.

In the same way the Hadith in question does not mean that both Jesus and Muhammad, peace be upon them both, experienced same kind of ‘tawaffa’. It rather points out to the fact that both were not present among their people when they deviated.

3) Further, it is NOT necessary that ‘tawaffaitani’ means the same everywhere. According to linguists and scholars e.g. Abu Al-Baqa and Ibn Taymiya ‘tawaffa‘ has various meanings i.e. 1) To take in full, 2) Sleep and 3) Death. And the fact that one word may have different meanings for different subjects is proved from Quran. Infact in Surah Ma’ida’s same passage we read that Jesus (PBUH) will say;

فَقَدْ عَلِمْتَهُ تَعْلَمُ مَا فِي نَفْسِي وَلَا أَعْلَمُ مَا فِي نَفْسِكَ

“Thou knowest what is in my heart, Thou I know not what is in Thine [heart].” (Quran 5:116)

Here same word i.e. نَفْسِ ,translated as heart or mind, is used for Allah (SWT) and Jesus (PBUH). Does that mean that نَفْسِ (i.e. heart/mind) of Allah (SWT) and Jesus (PBUH) is exactly of same nature?

[Exactly is our Lord above all what they suggest]

Or as we read in Quran 33:43;

هُوَ الَّذِي يُصَلِّي عَلَيْكُمْ وَمَلَائِكَتُهُ

“He it is who sends salat (His blessings) on you, and his angels too (ask Allah to bless and forgive you)”

Most certainly here صلاة has different meanings with regards to Allah (SWT) and the angels. Ibn Kathir writes:

والصلاة من الله ثناؤه على العبد عند الملائكة، … وقال غيره: الصلاة من الله: الرحمة … وأما الصلاة من الملائكة، فبمعنى الدعاء للناس والاستغفار

“Allah’s Salah means that He praises His servant before the angels …others said: “Allah’s Salah means mercy.” … Salah from the angels means their supplication and seeking forgiveness for people.” (Ibn Kathir 6/436 under Surah 33 Ayah 43)

Similarly the word ‘tawaffa‘ does not mean exactly same for Jesus (PBUH) and Holy Prophet (PBUH). This goes perfectly in line with the fact that same word can have different meanings in different contexts and concerning different persons.

4) On the Qadiani lines of the argument a Christian may say that perhaps Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) also died through crucifixion like Jesus as the same word is used for both of them. He can only be answered that it is known from other evidences as to how the Holy Prophet (PBUH) died. Similarly from evidences other then this verse we know that ‘tawaffa‘ of Jesus (PBUH) was different from that of Holy Prophet (PBUH).

5) As to the fact that Holy Prophet (PBUH) has used the past tense, it is because Holy Prophet (PBUH) will say this on the Day of Judgment and as the saying of Jesus (PBUH) has already been told in the Quran so it was in his and the listeners prior knowledge when he uttered these words.

6) The Holy Prophet (PBUH) will recite this verse as the implication is exactly same i.e. neither Jesus (PBUH) was present among his people when they got involved in heresies (Trinity etc) not was Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) present while some from his Ummah deviated and some even if went out of the pale of Islam by believing in false prophets. Both went away from their people before they were lead astray.

* Insha’Allah more refutations of Qadiani arguments from Ahadith about death of Jesus (PBUH) to follow soon.

INDEED ALLAH KNOWS THE BEST!