Masih Ad-Dajjal – The Anti-Christ

The term ‘Masih Ad-Dajjal’ is Arabic for the ‘False Messiah’. It is believed that he will appear at the end of times before the Day of Judgment deceiving people to believe that he is actually the true Messiah. The word ‘Dajjal’ means ‘deceiver’ and the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) warned that Dajjal will serve as a colossal trial for humanity. In the sayings of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW), Dajjal has been described as follows:

Sahih Bukhari
Volume 4, Book 55, Number 553:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
Once Allah’s Apostle stood amongst the people, glorified and praised Allah as He deserved and then mentioned the Dajjal saying, “l warn you against him (i.e. the Dajjal) and there was no prophet but warned his nation against him. No doubt, Noah warned his nation against him but I tell you about him something of which no prophet told his nation before me. You should know that he is one-eyed, and Allah is not one-eyed.”

Sahih Muslim
Book 041, Number 6995:
Narrated Abu Sa’id Khudri:
Ibn Sa’id said to me something for which I felt ashamed. He said: I can excuse others; but what has gone wrong with you, O Companions of Muhammad, that you take me as Dajjal? Has Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) not said that he would be a Jew whereas I am a Muslim and he also said that he would not have children, whereas I have children, and he also said: verily, Allah has prohibited him to enter Mecca whereas I have performed Pilgrimage, and he went on saying this that I was about to be impressed by his talk. He (however) said this also: I know where he (Dajjal) is and I know his father and mother, and it was said to him: Won’t you feel pleased if you would be the same person? Thereupon he said: If this offer is made to me, I would not resent that.

Sahih Muslim
Book 041, Number 7007:
Narrated Anas b. Malik:
That Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: There is never a prophet who has not warned the Ummah of that one-eyed liar; behold he is one-eyed and your Lord is not one-eyed. On his forehead are the letters k f. r. (Kafir).

Sahih Muslim
Book 041, Number 7015:
Narrated An-Nawwas b. Sam’an:
That Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) made a mention of the Dajjal one day in the morning… He (Dajjal) would be a young man with twisted, contracted hair, and a blind eye. I compare him to ‘Abd-ul-‘Uzza b. Qatan. He who amongst you would survive to see him should recite over him the opening verses of Sura Kahf (xviii.). He would appear on the way between Syria and Iraq and would spread mischief right and left… and it would at this very time that Allah would send Christ, son of Mary, and he will descend at the white minaret in the eastern side of Damascus wearing two garments lightly dyed with saffron and placing his hands on the wings of two Angels. When he would lower his head, there would fall beads of perspiration from his head, and when he would raise it up, beads like pearls would scatter from it… and then Allah would send Gog and Magog and they would swarm down from every slope…

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad however proposes that Ad-Dajjal is not a human being in so far as referring to one person; he believes that the description given by the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) is metaphorical in nature and not literal. However, a careful analysis shows that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad is indecisive on this issue regardless of his interpretation of the ahadith and his argument makes no sense as will be proven.

…in Arabic Dajjal also connotes a group. If Dajjal is taken to mean someone other than the misguided preachers of Christianity, this would entail a contradiction… the two are one and the same…Dajjal is not the name of one man. (The Essence Of Islam Volume 3 – Page 280)

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It is quite clear that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad believes that other than the clergyman of Christianity, no one else can be termed Dajjal and it is undoubtedly in reference to a group, not one person. However, he then begins adding more groups to this:

Dajjal in fact is none other than the people known as Christian missionaries and European philosophers. (The Essence Of Islam Volume 3 – Page 281)

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The group that acts under the command of Satan is called Dajjal. (The Essence Of Islam Volume 3 – Page 281)

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Perhaps developed nations are Dajjal and their donkey is this railway train which you see going from thousands of kilometres in the countries of East and West. (Roohani Khazain, Izala Auham – Volume 3 – Page 174)

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However he settles on the Christian preachers as the Dajjal and opposing this opinion, according to Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, is to deny the Holy Qu’ran.

There is no Dajjal-e-Akbar (Great Dajjal) than Christian Priests and he who waits for another one after the appearance of this turmoil is denying the Qu’ran. (Roohani Khazain, Anjaam Aatham – Volume 11 – Page 47)

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But in the end, as was his habit, he contradicts himself and goes against the Holy Qu’ran according to his own qualifications as he states:

This is our faith that actually Dajjal is the ‘Ism-e-Azam’ of Satan, which is opposed to the ‘Ism-e-Azam’ of God which is ‘Allah al-Hayee al-Qayoom’. This research proves that in reality neither Jews can be called Dajjal, or Christian Priests or any other nation. (Roohani Khazain, Toufah-Golravea – Volume 17 – Page 269)

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‘Izm’ means great and ‘Azzam’ means name. However, more importantly note the fact that he initially claims that the Christian priests are Dajjal and to deny this is to deny the Holy Qu’ran and then note how he claims that his later research proves that in reality neither Jews can be called Dajjal, or Christian priests or any other nation.

The problem Mirza Ghulam Ahmad had was that it was prophecised the Messiah would destroy the Anti-Christ, therefore Mirza Ghulam Ahmad had to, one way or another, attempt to fulfill this prophecy. Below he affirms that this is indeed his task:

The Holy Qur’an unambiguously designates the Christian clergy as the greatest Dajjal… the Hadith also specifies that the true sign of the Promised Messiah would be that he would break the cross and slay the great Dajjal… the main objective of the Promised Messiah is the breaking of the cross and slaying of the great Dajjal. (The Essence Of Islam Volume 3 – Page 282)

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Please see the video ‘Breaking the Cross’ by brother Shahid to see how he fails in his attempt to fulfill the first prophecy in his quote. The second prophecy of slaying Dajjal meant he had to move away from the conventional view that Dajjal will be a man who will deceive people to believe that he is the Messiah as no one would fit the description, thus he interpreted that Dajjal was in reference to the Christian clergy. The reason why his story about Dajjal connoting a group, specifically the Christian priests does not add up is quite simply because they have existed for so long. They did not suddenly appear at the time of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. My point is that during the time of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) such clergyman existed, yet at no point did the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) declare them to be Dajjal. Is Mirza Ghulam Ahmad alleging he knows better?

God, the Sublime, has taught us through Surah Fatiha that Dajjal against whom we have been warned is the group of erring Christian Missionaries who have abandoned the way of Jesus. (Commentary On Surah Fatiha – Page 347)

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If I understand him correctly, he is alleging that the opening chapter of the Holy Qu’ran, Surah Fatiha, has forewarned us that the Dajjal is none other than the Christian missionaries. One question, did he know and understand the Holy Qu’ran better than the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW)? Of course not, then why did the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) not inform us that this was the case if it was contained within the first chapter of the Holy Qu’ran? Mirza Ghulam Ahmad has a blasphemous answer for this:

It should not be surprising if the complete truth regarding Ibne Maryam (Jesus) and Dajjal was not revealed to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) because of lack of any exact prototype. Neither did the true meanings of the 70 Ba’a (1 Ba’a = 4 arm length = about 280 yards) and nor did Allah’s revelation guide him (SAW) towards the deep mystery of Gog and Magog and nor the exact composition of Da’abatul Ardh (Beast of the Earth) was revealed. (Roohani Khazain, Izala Auham – Volume 3 – Page 473)

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Right, so the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) did not understand what Mirza Ghulam Ahmad understood? Allah (SWT) did not guide the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) in understanding the mysteries of the events preceding Qiyamah but Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was given that knowledge?

Dajjaliyat (Qualities of Dajjal) was actually a Jewish inheritance and from them it reached the Christians. That group is called Dajjal who are liars and make the earth filthy and mix the truth with falsehood. So this quality was at its peak among the Jews during the time of Jesus, then Christians inherited it from them. So the Messiah has descended with a heavenly weapon to abolish this Dajjal quality. This weapon is not made by earthly craftsmen; rather it is heavenly weapon as is proven by Sahih Ahadith. (Roohani Khazain, Izala Auham – Volume 3 – Page 174)

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This again does not add up as the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) at no point said such a thing and he lived among the Christians and the Jews. As a matter of fact the first Muslims to migrate from Arabia were sent to Negus Al-Najashi, the Christian King of Abyssinia (modern day Ethiopia). Would the Ahmadis contend that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was sending them to Dajjal? Observe the following hadith:

Sahih Muslim
Book 001, Number 0296:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) observed: When three things appear faith will not benefit one who has not previously believed or has derived no good from his faith: the rising of the sun in its place of setting, the Dajjal, and the beast of the earth.

Therefore, according to Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, ever since the appearance of the Christian priests it is no good for a believer to believe if he did not believe before. The other two signs (sun rising from its place of setting and the beast of the earth) have already occurred according to Ahmadiyya interpretation. The sun rising from the west supposedly means nations from the west will partake in Islam, this of course has already happened as one only needs to look at Spain which was a Muslim nation for 800 years, producing saints such as Ibn Arabi. The beast of the earth according to Ahmadiyya interpretation is in reference to the bubonic plague which of course occurred at the time of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. Thus the three parts in the hadith have been fulfilled and accordingly if you did not believe before, it is no good to believe now. This of course is nonsense and again destroys the argument brought forth by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. The ahadith explicitly indicate he is one individual and anyone who reads the ahadith below can understand this:

Abu Dawud
Book 37, Number 4306:
Narrated Ubadah ibn as-Samit:
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: I have told you so much about the Dajjal (Antichrist) that I am afraid you may not understand. The Antichrist is short, hen-toed, woolly-haired, one-eyed, an eye-sightless, and neither protruding nor deep-seated. If you are confused about him, know that your Lord is not one-eyed.

Could the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) make it any clearer? Did Christian priests, philosophers or other nations not exist in his blessed time? Of course they did, but at no point did he declare any one of them to be the Dajjal or have qualities of the Dajjal of the latter days. What the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) did say was:

Abu Dawud
Book 37, Number 4319:
Narrated Abu Hurayrah:
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The Last Hour will not come before there come forth thirty Dajjals (fraudulents), everyone presuming himself that he is an apostle of Allah.

Sahih Bukhari
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 106:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Allah’s Apostle told us a long narrative about Ad-Dajjal, and among the many things he mentioned, was his saying, “Ad-Dajjal will come and it will be forbidden for him to pass through the entrances of Medina. He will land in some of the salty barren areas (outside) Medina; on that day the best man or one of the best men will come up to him and say, ‘I testify that you are the same Dajjal whose description was given to us by Allah’s Apostle.’ Ad-Dajjal will say to the people, ‘If I kill this man and bring him back to life again, will you doubt my claim?’ They will say, ‘No.’ Then Ad-Dajjal will kill that man and bring him back to life. That man will say, ‘Now I know your reality better than before.’ Ad-Dajjal will say, ‘I want to kill him but I cannot.’

Undoubtedly, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad himself was confused on this matter. The theories he brings forward do not reconcile with, and are not supported by, the ahadith. To demonstrate his confusion and contradiction further, he declared the following:

Another proof (of being Promised Messiah) is that the band of Dajjal has appeared and it is emerging with great force and its donkey, which is actually created by him, as is desired by Sahih Hadith is roaming in the East and West, and the creation of that donkey by Dajjal which is according to the Hadith, is also proven by this evidence that if such a donkey had been born as usual from the belly of female donkey then such type of other donkeys should have still been here since young ones necessarily resembles their parents in their size and journey and power. Thus Sahih Hadith are pointing towards this that the donkey will be created by Dajjal himself, thus if it is not Railway Train then what else is it? (Roohani Khazain, Izala Auham – Volume 3 – Page 469/70)

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In spite of considering the railway train as the creation of Dajjal and regarding it as his donkey, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad never hesitated in riding it whenever he was traveling long distances. He was obviously questioned about this and in turn he states the following to justify the use of the railway train:

If the donkey of Maseeh Dajjal is this railway train… and he who claims to be the Promised Messiah also rides it, then how can it be Dajjal’s donkey? Answer is that because of its ownership, possession and total custody and creation of Band of Dajjal, it is called donkey of Dajjal…. then if God wants believers to benefit from the possessions and products of Dajjal then what is the harm?….. Apart from that Promised Messiah is the killer of Dajjal spiritually, then according to the Hadith ‘mun qatala qateelun’ whatever belongs to Dajjal, it belongs to Messiah. (Roohani Khazain, Izala Auham – Volume 3 – Page 555)

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The ideas put forward by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad are flawed from every plausible angle. He declares Christian priests to be Dajjal, something the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) did not say, and claims if this is not accepted then one is going against the Holy Qu’ran. He then, later in his life, claims that Dajjal cannot be the Christian priests yet not realising that he is going against the Holy Qu’ran according to his own standards by making such a proclamation. If Christian priests were the Dajjal then why was the Messiah not dispensed as soon as they appeared? Mirza Ghulam Ahmad also declares that the railway trains are a product of Dajjal but since he uses it himself, it is fine to do so. Quite clearly Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was one of the false prophets that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) forewarned us about. The false Messiah, Ad-Dajjal is not in reference to Christian nations or priests or philosophers. The ahadith that upon the appearance of Dajjal, if you did not believe before it is no good to believe then, is enough to destroy his theory. The only way the Ahmadiyya community and Mirza Ghulam Ahmad could resolve this problem is by alleging that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad had more knowledge about this issue than the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of course has no problem implying this, do you, the Ahmadi community concur with his blasphemous assessment?

Scans of any quotes used are available on request (a thank you to brother Zia Ahmed for confirming the Urdu scans).