Were Ahmadis spying for the British in the USSR (1924)?

I have been studying Ahmadiyyat from an academic perspective for 7+ years. I have read everything on Ahmadiyyat that the English language has allowed me. Very recently, I came across a book entitled, “A call to Islam in the USSR” by A.R. Mughal. This book is essentially an oral narrative by Maulvi Zahoor Hussain of his imprisonment in the USSR. I have read this book thoroughly and am shocked at the behavior of Ahmadiyyat and the involvement of the British in their support. This book essentially proves to the world that Ahmadiyyat always had support from the British government in almost every aspect of its operations. I will try to summarize as best as I can the points in this book that reached out and grabbed me and thus shook me to my core.

In 1924, Mahmud Ahmad had built his Jamia-Ahamdiyya. He built this with the idea of training murrabis and sending them out into the world as a means to further his portfolio of global income. Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was a young Indian-Ahmadi and was honored to be a graduate from the first class of Jamia-Qadian. This class contained the first group of stalwarts of Ahmadiyya like Jalal-ud-din Shams, who eventually wrote an introduction to every book of MGA, Shams was sent to Syria and then later Kababir as he somehow converted an entire village to Ahmadiyyat. Mirza Shareef Ahmad also attended this initial class of murrabis (Mughal). He makes a rare appearance in the history of Ahmadiyyat. I am not sure whether he graduated or not, however, it is clear that he was never posted as a murrabbi anywhere. The one thing that Mirza Shareef Ahmad was good at was taking pictures and other activities that somehow kept him connected to the Ahmadiyya (Fazl-e-Omar, 1939, english). Furthermore, Mahmud Ahmad was planning to send murrabis to every country that the British occupied and even had his eyes on other countries. This was a major push for globalization of the brand of Ahmadiyyat. Moreover, Mahmud Ahmad was looking to cash in on his business model and created an atmosphere which ws pro-Britsh and pro-capitol.

Mahmud Ahmad had planned to send a murrabi secretly into the USSR. He had sent a surveyer intially to check out the possibility of illegal entry, the surveyer had reported back that it was possible to sneak into the USSR (Fazl-e-Omar, 1939, english). When the day finally came for Mahmud Ahmad to select a person…he didnt choose his younger brother, instead he chose Maulvi Zahoor Hussain who followed the orders of his “peer”. He thus began his journey as he travelled from Qadian to Afghanistan and then to Iran in 1924. He seemed to buy assistance all along the way. He consistently found people who housed him and guided him as he attempted to sneak across the Iran/USSR border. When the day finally came for him to sneak into the USSR, he followed his route as his guide had explained and prayed to his God for support in this illegal endeavor. From his own account, Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was apprehended very shortly after entering the USSR. He was immediately arrested for not having a visa. He was immediately detained and began to be questioned as to why he was in the USSR. The USSR quickly confiscated all of his personal belongings and found some rather shocking documents that led to the conclusion that Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was spying on behalf of the British government through the mask of Ahmadiyyat.

The Soviets questioned him intensely. The British were not on good terms with the USSR and they were thus questioning Maulvi Zahoor Hussain in terms of the relationship between Ahmadiyya and the British. Further, the Russians had confiscated some secret instructions from Mahmud Ahmad to this maulvi, the instructions were as such:

“When you reach Bukhara ans start converting people to Ahmadiyyat, do not disclose the names of the new converts to anyone. So much so that even the Ahmadi converts were to be kept in the dark about each other’s identity. However, when you shift from one town to the next, then select one of the most efficient and truthful Ahmadis from the whole lot and apprise him of the names and other details of all the Ahmadis in the area. You should tell the chosen person to continue meeting all the Ahmadis in he town strictly on an individual basis. This instruction should be adhered to both in word and spirit at all times” (page 63).

After reading this and other papers from the bags of Maulvi Zahoor Hussain, the Russians had concluded that this Ahmadi was in fact a spy and had thus scheduled him for execution. This also led to beatings and intense questioning. The Soviets kept trying to get this Ahmadi-Mullah to confess that he was in-fact spying for the British…however, this Maulvi had been trained very well at Qadian and kept his mouth shut, he stuck with his alibi which was to state that he was simply a cleric of the Ahmadiyya who was instructed to trespass the USSR and gain converts to Ahmadiyya. However, the Soviets weren’t buying it! They knew of the Ahmadiyya and its close relationship with the British Government. They were even able to get books of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and thus questioned this Maulvi based on those books, it seems that “Jihad and the British govt” was also included in these collections.

Further, during the course of his stay in various jails in the USSR, this Maulvi reports that he had converted a few people to Ahmadism. He states that his strategy of tabligh was to hide the prophethood of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and to focus on the spirit and support of Islam that Ahmadiyya was selling as if Islam was a product. Through his process of masking Ahmadiyat, he was able to secure a few converts. It so happened that these Muslims who had unknowingly converted to Ahmadiyyat were still in the habit of praying salat behind Sunni Imams. The Ahmadi-Maulvi quickly scolded them and explained to them that Muslims were spiritually dead, and thus praying behind Sunni Imams was useless. He also explained the Ahmadiyya principle that Sunnis and Shi’ites were now Kafirs since they rejected Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. These newly converted Ahmadis must have been shocked in terms of the isolation aspect of the “A”.

Meanwhile, back in the interrogation rooms, Maulvi Zahoor Hussain kept getting transferred to different jails and questioned about his religion and the British govt., all the while he kept frequent contact with Qadian. Eventually he was transferred to some prison in Moscow and I’m sure that Mahmud Ahmad was informed of this final transfer. It should also be noted that almost 1 1/2 years had elapsed and Maulvi Zahoor Hussain hadnt been executed or let free by the Soviets. However, the rumors in the jails began to circulate that the execution of Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was very close. Maulvi Zahoor Hussain had kept in touch with Mahmud Ahmad in Qadian and Mahmud Ahmad had been actively trying to get his agent released and thus avoid execution. It so happened that Mahmud Ahmad used his positive connections with the British Government and arranged for Maulvi Zahoor Hussain to be released through diplomatic discussions between a certain ambassador of the British and the USSR, who just so happened to be in Moscow. In the introductory pages of this book, Mirza Bashir Ahmad wrote a heart-felt letter explaining how the British came to the rescue of Ahmadiyyat and were able to get their murrabi released and thus avoid execution.

After a 2-year prison stay, Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was going to be released by the USSR and thus avoid execution for espionage. The Ahmadiyya Movement thanked the British government and Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was coming home. Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was released from prison in 1926 and traveled south from Moscow until he reached Baghdad. As part of the deal between the USSR and the British, Maulvi Zahoor Hussain would meet a high ranking British official in Baghdad and then catch a ship to Karachi. Maulvi Zahoor Hussain reached Qadian and was celebrated as hero.


For years and years and years, Ahmadis have been telling Muslims that they are not spies and they are not in cahoots with the British Government. However, in the case of Maulvi Zahoor Hussain and his two years in the USSR, we have a serious case of an Ahmadi-citizen of the British Government who was given specific orders by the Khalifa of Ahmadiyya to trespass into the USSR and gain converts. What is even more troubling with that is the secret set of orders that Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was given. Why were these new converts to operate in absolute secrecy? Furthermore, the preaching strategy of Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was to effectively hide the prophethood of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad as they knew it would be a barrier to conversion. I can say with certainty that this was policy of Ahmadiyyat in the USA, Europe, Africa, Indonesia, etc etc etc.

In the end, I feel remorse for all of those innocent families that were duped into believing that Ahmadiyyat was a progressive form of Islam that promoted the general good of the world. I am sad to have realized that my grandparents were fooled by the game of Ahmadiyyat as promoted by the sons of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and I pray that others steer clear of this cult. I pray my activities on the internet promote an academic view of the “A” and thus deter the innocent masses from converting to an economic system that deprives women of the basic voting rights and deprive children of their fair share of their parents assets as sanctioned by Allah.

Ramadhan Du`a

Today I received a text message from my beloved brother in Islam Fuad Al Attar, one of the most decent human beings it has ever been my privilege to meet. Truly, Allah enriched my life by bringing the hearts of Muslims such as brother Fuad closer to mine. I have been blessed by the company of people whose nobility, humility, wisdom and generosity truly eclipses mine and gives me a higher bar to aim for on my journey to the akhirah. There are so many other brothers and sisters I’d like to make this du`a for, who I regularly pray for by name. I have emailed them all this evening, so they know who they are, but there are of course many more, including you if you are reading this.

I am going to thank my brother Fuad by making this du`a, based on his own for me.

Oh Allah!

Shower your blessings on my beloved brother Fuad, and on all my beloved brothers and sisters in Islam during these blessed nights of Ramadhan.

Oh Allah!

Ease their lives, keep them on your straight path, give them the strength and the patience that they need, forgive their sins and gather them with Rasulullah (saw) in Jannah.

Oh Allah!

Help us overcome our weaknesses, our egos, our base selves and help us rise towards the noor that in your Infinite Generosity, you offer us the capability to reach in this blessed month.

Oh Allah!

Guide the Qadiani Ahmadis who feel the stirring of Islam in their hearts towards the light of Islam. Give them the hikmah and hidaayah to remove the dusty cloak of Mirzaiyyah so that their fitrah returns their spiritual compasses to point once again to the true north that is Islam.

Oh Allah!

We give thanks to you for another year and we humbly beg you not to let us be fooled by the distractions of the dunya or the whisperings of the shayateen and not to take us back to You unless we are one of the mu’mineen.

Oh Allah!

Ease the suffering of the oppressed, of the sick, of the orphans, of the elderly, of the disabled – and instil justice in the hearts of those who rule over us so that your final deen prevails eternally.


The Largest Mosque in Western Europe

Regents park mosque in london england

The Ahmadiyya claims to have “the largest mosque in Western Europe”. This claim was made when I was still a member of the Ahmadiyya group and of course, I repeated it without question. We were urged to promote this “fact” to newspapers, politicians and so forth. We were made to feel proud of this achievement.

What is a mosque? Can a Baha`i for example, create a building and call it a mosque? Technically, there is nothing to stop them doing that in this country. “Mosque” is the English word for the Arabic masjid, which is derived from the Arabic root sajada, for which I’m sure no Muslim requires any translation. So “masjid” is literally a place where one bows down in prostration. Linguistically then, it is legitimate for Qadianis and Lahoris to call their places of worship “mosques”, but theologically, and particularly in the case of the Qadianis, this claim is problematic, as the Muslim reserved word “masjid” is only applied to a place of congregational worship for Muslims. So whilst we don’t make takfeer on individual Qadianis, the Ummah and its `ulama are unanimously of the view that certainly the Qadiani Ahmadiyya community is not Islamic, with the views on Lahoris being only slightly less rigid, though the consensus still appears to be that they are not within the fold of Islam. A mosque then, is a place where Muslims gather in congregation to bow down in worship to Allah.

Let’s set aside the theological issue for the purposes of investigating the claim at face value. We already know that the Qadianis are in the habit of making outrageous claims that have never been substantiated in fact and sadly, their followers tend to accept and promulgate these claims without question. Most notably, the ludicrous claims of a membership of 200 million have been parroted in the Islamophobic media. The “largest mosque” claim was also shamefully cited in The Guardian, which obviously didn’t check its facts.

Let’s also ignore mosques in mainland Europe and focus only on those in Britain. The authoritative, respected, fact-checked and peerlessly  comprehensive report on British mosques by the Muslims In Britain site has this to say on the Qadiani claims that their place of worship in Morden accommodates 10,500 worshippers:

Baitul Futuh is promoted by the Ahmadiyya movement as “the largest mosque in Western Europe” based on a claim of a capacity of 10,500 worshippers. The Ahmadiyya have their own reasons for making this claim. But they admit that dedicated prayer space (on which all the above masjids’ capacities is based) is 4,000. (http://www.baitulfutuh.org/construction/index.shtml ) In fact the prayer space is comparable only to the larger masjids of circa 3,000 capacity, hence my adjusted figure of 3,000. By comparison, most larger masjids have substantial areas that are routinely used for salaah on Friday Jumu’ah, not to mention Eid and Tarawih salaahs. E.g. Regents Park Masjid (Islamic Cultural Centre) has a substantial concourse, large basement rooms and a big plaza, all of which are filled for Jumu’ah, more than doubling the 5,400 capacity dedicated prayer space.

Having visited Bait ul-Futuh when I was a Qadiani, it was certainly large, but no larger than the Birmingham Central Mosque, and certainly not as big as the Islamic Cultural Centre, which has multiple storeys available for worshippers as well as a routinely used concourse. It’s not anywhere near as big as the East London Mosque, which I have also had the pleasure of visiting frequently, especially for `Eid, and which continues to undergo expansion.

Let’s have a closer look at the Baitul Futuh site’s claims. It claims the following for prayer capacities:

  • Total Area of Mosque 4000
  • Ancillary Areas in Mosque 2000
  • Remainder of other Areas 4500

These appear to be exaggerations, notwithstanding the fact that the capacity is rarely utilised. So what about authentic mosques?

Britain s Largest Mosques

(Source: http://www.muslimsinbritain.org/resources/masjid_report.pdf)

The Qadiani place of worship comes at the bottom of this list. So the next time someone tells you that the Qadiani place of worship is “the largest mosque in Western Europe”, don’t just tell them that it isn’t a mosque, offer them the facts, and if they’re really interested and you’re in London, take them on a tour of proper mosques and show them that Islam doesn’t require deception. Just don’t be surprised if the Qadianis revert to type and indulge in character assassination of the people behind the above report. 

May Allah guide the believers in Mirza Ghulam Ahmad back to Islam, insha’Allah, blessing them with the guidance I received eight Ramadans ago.



Who Could Be More Wicked?


Who could be more wicked than those who hide a testimony from Allah?

Whenever I read the translation of the Qur’an to English during Ramadan, I am blessed with more insight into the noble message. Here Allah tells us that those who hide the message are amongst the most wicked.

Let us consider the example of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the man that the Qadianis claim was a prophet after Rasulullah (saw). Mirza made many prophecies. Prophecies come through revelation of the unseen, from Allah, but sometimes, the unseen, al-Ghaib, is conveyed by Shaytaan (via the jinn) who misguides those who are not steadfast. (Teechee Teechee, the cheeky make-believe “angel” of Mirza, might well have been a jinn.)

Amongst Mirza’s prophecies were 121 death threats. Despite the best efforts of Ahmadiyya apologists and their contorted attempts at qualification and equivocation, these have for the most part been debunked as the failed rants of a charlatan; history is littered with such examples.

On February 24th, 1899, in the court of the Deputy Commissioner in Gurdaspur, once friends and now enemies Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and Maulvi Batalvi were ordered not to use foul or abusive language, or to make takfeer, or make death threats against one other, nor write each other’s names in a derogatory way. This judgment alone should cast doubt into the minds of any sincere believer in the Ahmadi religion. 

Mirza for the most part reduced his trash talk after this judgment, which begs a serious question in light of the cited Qur’anic judgment at the opening: If Mirza was making death prophecies before, which he claimed were from God, and Mirza was now not making these prophecies, then either his god was delivering revelations in line with the judgment of the British Raj, or Mirza was hiding his god’s revelations.

Which was it?

Ramadan and Ahmadiyya

An Ahmadiyya defence often consists of a statement along the lines of “We fast during Ramadan, how can you not call us Muslims?” 

It’s a good question. Ahmadis do conduct most, if not all of the outward rituals conducted by Muslims. They pray like Muslims, they say the same kalima, they fast, some of them pay zakah, they even go to hajj, but none of these rituals constitute Islam in and of themselves.

For example, a hypocrite could observe these rituals, as the Meccan pagans did in order to spy on Muslims. This occurs with increasing frequency in the USA and to some extent in the UK, with some Muslims ensnared unwittingly into all kinds of absurd entrapment operations. Then there is the example of a Christian observing all of the rituals of a Jew, going so far as to call themselves the true Jews, all the while believing in Christ.

The fact that there is a normative tradition in Islam, massively outdating the arrival of the highly controversial figure of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, is actually lost on mainstream Qadiani Ahmadis, but not on the apologists, who with scant regard for the deep, studious methods adopted by Muslim scholars pick up a piece of knowledge here and there in an attempt to ensnare the unwary Muslim into another kind of entrapment altogether.

The facts are plain. The Ahmadiyya community sets itself apart from the Muslim community and is proud of that fact. Ahmadis are not allowed to pray behind Muslim imams, nor to pray for the Muslim dead, nor bury them, nor allow their women to marry Muslims. Of course, the converse is also true. Given that Ahmadiyya is outside the fold of Islam, Muslims shouldn’t be fooled by the outward appearances of the Ahmadiyya. Ahmadiyya is a non-Muslim sect.

So they can pray behind Qadiani imams, but that doesn’t make them Muslims.

They can pay zakah, even if their obligatory chanda payments are two orders of magnitude greater, but that doesn’t make them Muslims.

They can make hajj under false pretences, repeating their prayer in their hotel room after, having considered their prayer behind a Muslim imam invalid, but that doesn’t make them Muslims.

And they can fast during Ramadan, but that doesn’t make them Muslims either, because they believe Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was a prophet after Muhammad (saaws)

Let’s remind ourselves about Mirza Ghulam Ahmad:

  • A man who used filthy curse words against his opponents
  • A man who asked for tonic wine to be bought for him
  • A man who used alcohol and opium in his quack medicines, medicines so patently fake and dangerously deceptive, that they were pulled off the shelves by the British Courts in India
  • A man who was banned from making death prophecies by the same court after making 121 of them, a man who chased a married woman in publications and adverts for a decade before giving up finally when his own wife became the object of a “marriage prophecy”
  • A man who claimed to the second coming of Isa (as), and many other prophets, including Muhammad (saws), who even saw himself as God in his dream
  • A man who saw a vision of God as a majestic Englishman
  • A man whose prophecies failed so often that his own actions caused Muslims deep embarrassment

It’s very important to understand that prophets are held to very high standards by Muslims, and by Allah (SWT) Himself. It was the repeated goal of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad to denigrate the achievements of real prophets so that opportunistically, he could claim that he too was on a platform as high as they.

Ramadan is a beautiful time for Muslims. I never understood how beautiful until I entered into Islam and left the wannabe cult that superficially dresses itself in some of the garb of Islam, whilst oblivious to the shining beauty of the body and soul underneath. Ahmadiyya is missing something. It is missing Islam.

During this beautiful month, I urge Ahmadis of Qadiani and Lahori persuasion to deeply study their founder’s and movement’s literature, as I did during Ramadan 8 years ago and come to the same conclusion that I did, that there is something wrong with this cult, and that the truth has been hidden from you, and that it is done to serve the interests of a small number of families; that the office bearers are on a power trip and you owe them nothing.

Come to Islam, it is your birthright.

Ramadan Kareem to all readers of this site. May Allah (SWT) bless us with hikmah and accept our du`as in this beautiful month, insha’Allah.

Lisan al-Arab or The Wahi Database

On 4-May-2007, I wrote about the role of the Arabic lexicon, “Lisan al-Arab”, in the Arabic Ilhams of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani (MGAQ). Although five years have passed, I am still puzzled at how could MGAQ claim the following text as a Wahi:









 MGAQ wrote: ((A few weeks ago I received the following:  [Arabic Wahi]: “Ghatham Ghathama: Ghathama to him, He paid to him from his money a Dofaah [partial payment])) – Tadhkirah, page 319

 As you are now aware, you can find this complete Qadiani revelation in the Lisan al-Arab dictionary:








((Ghathama: Ghathama to him, He paid to him a Dofaah [partial payment] from his money)) – Lisan al-Arab, Ghain section, page 288

 In fact, MGAQ’s Arabic Ilhami book “Seerat-ul-Abdal” itself is an example on how MGAQ had used Lisan al-Arab in his “Ilhami” writings and revelations.

 The subject of “Seerat-ul-Abdal” book is about the signs of pious persons. MGAQ had chosen this subject to make it easier for him to pick the words from Lisaan Al-Arab. He tried to pick the most uncommon and ancient words in order to impress his Punjabi followers.

Most of his sentences in this book describe the pious persons in the following way:

(They are like X and they are not like Y), where X is any strange word from Lisaan al-Arab that means something good, and Y is any strange word from Lisaan al-Arab that means something ugly or bad. Here are some examples wherein MGAQ had used the Khaa section of Lisaan al ‘Arab:


  • They do not keep themselves far from God and they do not split up (KHARTHAL)!
  • They look like a wet plant (KHADEL) and they would not be injured!
  • They walk upon the earth modestly and they do not have slack potbellies (KHANTHAL)!
  • You don’t see them like a hyena (UMM KHANTHAL) but they would be seen like a genius fat boy!





Here is another example wherein the “Saad” section was heavily used:












 As you must have noticed, many of the sentences do not give any complete information or valid idea. However MGAQ had never cared about ideas when he wrote this book; all what he had been trying to do was to impress his Punjabi followers.

Did Ahmadiyya Fail with the African Americans?

Ahmadiyya doctrine has been in the inner cities of the USA circa 1921(See Moslem Sunrise, 1921 edition). They were the only ever missionary society that sold Islam “large-scale” in the USA. At that time, Mahmud Ahmad was the Khalifa and he was very aggressive with his marketing in terms of the global sales network of the Ahmadiyya Movement, i.e. Ahmadiyya dogma.

Mufti Muhammad Sadiq was sent to the USA as a missionary. He was a well respected confidant of MGA and was sure to bag his prey. Upon arrival in the USA, the Mufti quickly began to work with peoples of all colors and developed a group of converts. African-Americans were particularly attracted to the garbled message that the Mufti taught and mistook it for Islam. At the time, African-Americans were being trampled over and were looking for a religion that would preach equality. They began to join Ahmadiyya and by the 1940’s Ahmadis could claim between 5,000—10,000 Ahmadis (See Marabell and Turner).
By the 1950’s most of the African-Americans were on their way out and were particularly upset with the fact that African-Americans were made murrabi and weren’t allowed to hold top leadership positions in the USA jamaat (see Amina McCloud).

More and more Muslims were beginning to emigrate from the Middle East and they were teaching a more orthodox interpretation of Islam. African-Americans began to leave en-masse, they also finally learned that MGA claimed prophethood and in Islamic terms that was heresy (See Amina McCloud).

By the 1970’s, Ahmadiyyat had faded significantly in terms of their advance on the US population. Less and less African-Americans were joining and the children of those that had joined in the 1930’s were disinterested in Ahmadiyya dogma and lifestyle. If you looked recently, the national Khuddam Ijtema and Jalsa’s here in the USA have less than 3% African-Americans.

Nowadays, Ahmadiyyat in the USA is relying on immigration to help fuel this enormous cash cow which is called the USA Ahmadiyya Movement.

What’s the Difference Between a Rasul and Nabi, and Is the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) the Last of Both?

بسم الله الحمد لله و صلاة و سلام على سيدنا محمد و على آله و سلم تسليما

Seekers Guidance is an internet Islamic educational institution that teaches belief, law, spirituality, and other related topics. All for free.

They recently answered the following question on the difference between a Rasul and Nabi and whether Saydina Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم is the last prophet or last messenger. Note that it was not answered in an argumentative manor or in the spirit of debate, but just as a response to a general inquiry.

The original link is here. Re-posted below:

Answered by Sidi Wasim Shiliwala

Question: 1. What is the difference between a rasul and a nabi?
2. Is the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) the last of both?
3. What about in our times when people receive messages from Allah?

Answer: Walaikum As-salaam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu,

Firstly, may Allah reward you for your concern on such an important subject! Knowledge of revelation and prophecy is a crucial element of our creed (aqida), as it helps us understand the unique and special characteristics of the various Prophets (upon them be peace).

The Difference between a Prophet (nabi) and a Messenger (rasul)

In his commentary on the famous text of Sunni creed Jawhara al-Tawhid, Imam al-Bajuri provides useful definitions of the terms you asked about in your first question.

He defines a prophet (nabi) as a human being who is “free from all repulsive qualities, [and] given a revealed law that he enacts, even if he was not commanded to spread it.”

In contrast, Imam al-Bajuri defines a messenger (rasul) as someone who has the qualities of a prophet “but with the additional stipulation [of him being] commanded to spread [his message].”

In other words, the main difference between a prophet and a messenger pertains to spreading the revealed message (tabligh): messengers only include those commanded to spread the revelation they receive, while prophets include both those who received that command and those who didn’t. This means, as Imam al-Bajuri explains, that “every messenger is a prophet, but not vice-versa.” [Bajuri, Tuhfat al-Murid `ala Jawharat at-Tawhid]

The Final Prophet and Messenger (peace be upon him)

In the 40th verse of Surah Al-Ahzab, Allah calls Muhammad (peace be upon him) the “messenger of Allah and the seal of the prophets” (khatam al-nabi’in). Given that the definition of a prophet is broader than that of a messenger, this verse indicates that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the last of the prophets as well as the last of the messengers.

Indeed, this one line teaches us two important facts about the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Firstly, he (peace be upon him) was a messenger of Allah, meaning that he received revelation and was also commanded by Allah to spread that message. Secondly, he (peace be upon him) is the final prophet, meaning that no one after him will receive revelation. Indeed, even ‘Isa/Jesus (peace be upon him) will rule by the laws of Islam upon his return to earth.

The finality of this message is even further emphasized by Allah in one of the last verses He revealed to the Prophet (peace be upon him): “Today I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and approved Islam for you as a religion” (5:3). [For a more complete discussion of 33:40, see the relevant commentary from Mufti Muhammad Shafi’s Ma’ariful Qur’an]

Between Prophecy and Sainthood

Before discussing the differences between Prophets and Saints, it is first important to understand who a wali (saint) is. Imam al-Bajuri defines a wali as “a knower of God the Exalted and His attributes as much as is possible, one who is diligent to obedience [of God, and] an avoider of sins – meaning that he does not commit a sin without repenting [for it].” What’s important to note here is that the awliya (plural of wali) achieve their nearness to Allah only through following the Prophet (peace be upon him).

According to Sunni creed, it is possible for miracles (karamaat) to be manifested at the hands of the awliya. For example, the Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) miraculously warned faraway Muslim troops of an oncoming enemy. Similarly, while revelation (wahy) is specifically given to prophets, Allah also might speak to His righteous servants in dreams (ilham) or give them deep spiritual insights (kashf). It is related, for example, that Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal spoke with Allah in a dream, wherein Allah told him that reciting the Qur’an is a means of achieving closeness to Him. [Bajuri, Tuhfat]

However, such miraculous events differ from Prophetic miracles (mu’jizaat) and revelation (wahy) in that they are not accompanied by any claim to Prophecy or revelation. Rather, they are personal gifts and blessings bestowed by Allah to his righteous servants. As such, they are not and cannot be used to alter the perfected guidance brought by the Prophet (peace be upon him). Furthermore, they are in reality miracles of the Prophet (peace be upon him), as such miracles occur only to those who wholeheartedly strive to follow his sunnah, both in terms of his inner character and outer actions. Such miracles confirm the exalted status of the Prophetic way. [Sabuni, Al-Bidaya fi Usul al-Din]

Conclusion – the Best Guidance is that of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

The above paragraphs convey the following crucial points about prophecy:

1. Muhammad (peace be upon him), as a prophet and messenger, was given revelation and commanded to spread it;
2. Muhammad (peace be upon him) was the final prophet and messenger; and
3. Awliya may receive miracles and divine inspiration, but they cannot in any way alter the already complete message of Islam. To the contrary, such miracles only confirm the soundness and blessing of the Prophetic way, and are therefore miracles of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

With all of this in mind, we should come to the conclusion that all true religious guidance comes from the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), and that we only accept that knowledge which is connected to him through the Qur’an, Sunnah, and sound Muslim scholarship. Anyone who calls to other than this, or claims to have religious knowledge that contradicts this, must be avoided.

Allah knows best, and He is the best of Guiders.

Jazakum Allahu Khairan,


Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

A new claimant to prophethood in the Ahmadiyya

In this video the Ahmadiyya pscyhe is on full display.  We are able to see the fruits of the labor of MGA and hsi recent successor Masroor Ahmad.

My question to Ahmadis is simple.  Will you accept this Ahmadi as a prophet?  Will you climb over glaciers of ice to meet this Zahid Khan charachter?  Will Masroor Ahmad meet with him to discuss his claims?