I have been studying Ahmadiyyat from an academic perspective for 7+ years. I have read everything on Ahmadiyyat that the English language has allowed me. Very recently, I came across a book entitled, “A call to Islam in the USSR” by A.R. Mughal. This book is essentially an oral narrative by Maulvi Zahoor Hussain of his imprisonment in the USSR. I have read this book thoroughly and am shocked at the behavior of Ahmadiyyat and the involvement of the British in their support. This book essentially proves to the world that Ahmadiyyat always had support from the British government in almost every aspect of its operations. I will try to summarize as best as I can the points in this book that reached out and grabbed me and thus shook me to my core.
In 1924, Mahmud Ahmad had built his Jamia-Ahamdiyya. He built this with the idea of training murrabis and sending them out into the world as a means to further his portfolio of global income. Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was a young Indian-Ahmadi and was honored to be a graduate from the first class of Jamia-Qadian. This class contained the first group of stalwarts of Ahmadiyya like Jalal-ud-din Shams, who eventually wrote an introduction to every book of MGA, Shams was sent to Syria and then later Kababir as he somehow converted an entire village to Ahmadiyyat. Mirza Shareef Ahmad also attended this initial class of murrabis (Mughal). He makes a rare appearance in the history of Ahmadiyyat. I am not sure whether he graduated or not, however, it is clear that he was never posted as a murrabbi anywhere. The one thing that Mirza Shareef Ahmad was good at was taking pictures and other activities that somehow kept him connected to the Ahmadiyya (Fazl-e-Omar, 1939, english). Furthermore, Mahmud Ahmad was planning to send murrabis to every country that the British occupied and even had his eyes on other countries. This was a major push for globalization of the brand of Ahmadiyyat. Moreover, Mahmud Ahmad was looking to cash in on his business model and created an atmosphere which ws pro-Britsh and pro-capitol.
Mahmud Ahmad had planned to send a murrabi secretly into the USSR. He had sent a surveyer intially to check out the possibility of illegal entry, the surveyer had reported back that it was possible to sneak into the USSR (Fazl-e-Omar, 1939, english). When the day finally came for Mahmud Ahmad to select a person…he didnt choose his younger brother, instead he chose Maulvi Zahoor Hussain who followed the orders of his “peer”. He thus began his journey as he travelled from Qadian to Afghanistan and then to Iran in 1924. He seemed to buy assistance all along the way. He consistently found people who housed him and guided him as he attempted to sneak across the Iran/USSR border. When the day finally came for him to sneak into the USSR, he followed his route as his guide had explained and prayed to his God for support in this illegal endeavor. From his own account, Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was apprehended very shortly after entering the USSR. He was immediately arrested for not having a visa. He was immediately detained and began to be questioned as to why he was in the USSR. The USSR quickly confiscated all of his personal belongings and found some rather shocking documents that led to the conclusion that Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was spying on behalf of the British government through the mask of Ahmadiyyat.
The Soviets questioned him intensely. The British were not on good terms with the USSR and they were thus questioning Maulvi Zahoor Hussain in terms of the relationship between Ahmadiyya and the British. Further, the Russians had confiscated some secret instructions from Mahmud Ahmad to this maulvi, the instructions were as such:
“When you reach Bukhara ans start converting people to Ahmadiyyat, do not disclose the names of the new converts to anyone. So much so that even the Ahmadi converts were to be kept in the dark about each other’s identity. However, when you shift from one town to the next, then select one of the most efficient and truthful Ahmadis from the whole lot and apprise him of the names and other details of all the Ahmadis in the area. You should tell the chosen person to continue meeting all the Ahmadis in he town strictly on an individual basis. This instruction should be adhered to both in word and spirit at all times” (page 63).
After reading this and other papers from the bags of Maulvi Zahoor Hussain, the Russians had concluded that this Ahmadi was in fact a spy and had thus scheduled him for execution. This also led to beatings and intense questioning. The Soviets kept trying to get this Ahmadi-Mullah to confess that he was in-fact spying for the British…however, this Maulvi had been trained very well at Qadian and kept his mouth shut, he stuck with his alibi which was to state that he was simply a cleric of the Ahmadiyya who was instructed to trespass the USSR and gain converts to Ahmadiyya. However, the Soviets weren’t buying it! They knew of the Ahmadiyya and its close relationship with the British Government. They were even able to get books of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and thus questioned this Maulvi based on those books, it seems that “Jihad and the British govt” was also included in these collections.
Further, during the course of his stay in various jails in the USSR, this Maulvi reports that he had converted a few people to Ahmadism. He states that his strategy of tabligh was to hide the prophethood of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and to focus on the spirit and support of Islam that Ahmadiyya was selling as if Islam was a product. Through his process of masking Ahmadiyat, he was able to secure a few converts. It so happened that these Muslims who had unknowingly converted to Ahmadiyyat were still in the habit of praying salat behind Sunni Imams. The Ahmadi-Maulvi quickly scolded them and explained to them that Muslims were spiritually dead, and thus praying behind Sunni Imams was useless. He also explained the Ahmadiyya principle that Sunnis and Shi’ites were now Kafirs since they rejected Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. These newly converted Ahmadis must have been shocked in terms of the isolation aspect of the “A”.
Meanwhile, back in the interrogation rooms, Maulvi Zahoor Hussain kept getting transferred to different jails and questioned about his religion and the British govt., all the while he kept frequent contact with Qadian. Eventually he was transferred to some prison in Moscow and I’m sure that Mahmud Ahmad was informed of this final transfer. It should also be noted that almost 1 1/2 years had elapsed and Maulvi Zahoor Hussain hadnt been executed or let free by the Soviets. However, the rumors in the jails began to circulate that the execution of Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was very close. Maulvi Zahoor Hussain had kept in touch with Mahmud Ahmad in Qadian and Mahmud Ahmad had been actively trying to get his agent released and thus avoid execution. It so happened that Mahmud Ahmad used his positive connections with the British Government and arranged for Maulvi Zahoor Hussain to be released through diplomatic discussions between a certain ambassador of the British and the USSR, who just so happened to be in Moscow. In the introductory pages of this book, Mirza Bashir Ahmad wrote a heart-felt letter explaining how the British came to the rescue of Ahmadiyyat and were able to get their murrabi released and thus avoid execution.
After a 2-year prison stay, Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was going to be released by the USSR and thus avoid execution for espionage. The Ahmadiyya Movement thanked the British government and Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was coming home. Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was released from prison in 1926 and traveled south from Moscow until he reached Baghdad. As part of the deal between the USSR and the British, Maulvi Zahoor Hussain would meet a high ranking British official in Baghdad and then catch a ship to Karachi. Maulvi Zahoor Hussain reached Qadian and was celebrated as hero.
For years and years and years, Ahmadis have been telling Muslims that they are not spies and they are not in cahoots with the British Government. However, in the case of Maulvi Zahoor Hussain and his two years in the USSR, we have a serious case of an Ahmadi-citizen of the British Government who was given specific orders by the Khalifa of Ahmadiyya to trespass into the USSR and gain converts. What is even more troubling with that is the secret set of orders that Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was given. Why were these new converts to operate in absolute secrecy? Furthermore, the preaching strategy of Maulvi Zahoor Hussain was to effectively hide the prophethood of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad as they knew it would be a barrier to conversion. I can say with certainty that this was policy of Ahmadiyyat in the USA, Europe, Africa, Indonesia, etc etc etc.
In the end, I feel remorse for all of those innocent families that were duped into believing that Ahmadiyyat was a progressive form of Islam that promoted the general good of the world. I am sad to have realized that my grandparents were fooled by the game of Ahmadiyyat as promoted by the sons of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and I pray that others steer clear of this cult. I pray my activities on the internet promote an academic view of the “A” and thus deter the innocent masses from converting to an economic system that deprives women of the basic voting rights and deprive children of their fair share of their parents assets as sanctioned by Allah.