I have noticed that many people in our Arabic media cannot differentiate between Ahmadis and Bahais. Well, I don’t really blame them as there are many similarities between Ahmadis and Bahais. The followings are just few things that both Ahmadis and Bahais do actually share:
1- Their Mahdi was born in the 19th Century, and died on a Tuesday.
2- Their Mahdi claimed that he is from Persian origins.
3- Their Mahdi claimed that he is also a descendant of Fatimah (ra) and Ahlulbait.
4- Their Mahdi wrote many Arabic books, one of these books was Tafseer of Surat-ul-Fatiha.
5- Their Mahdi plagiarized parts of some verses and Maqamat in his Arabic writings.
6- A double eclipse happened in Ramadhan during the lifetime of their Mahdi.
7- Their Mahdi was brought to a local court for trial.
8- Their Mahdi used Hisab Al-Jummal (numerical values of the words / Arabic alphanumeric coding) to prove that he is the true Mahdi.
9- Their Promised One was a Mirza who claimed that the signs mentioned by all Hadeeths and holy books about the Promised Messiah have been fulfilled by him.
10- Their Promised One, the Mirza, was born in the 13th Hijri century and died in the 14th Hijri century during the last week of May.
11- Their Promised One, the Mirza, sent a letter to Queen Victoria asking her to accept him and to follow his teachings.
12- Their Promised One claimed that he did not study Arabic language, however he could write dozens of Arabic and Persian books. His followers consider this as a great sign that proves his truthfulness.
13- They consider the prophecies of their Promised One as another sign that proves his truthfulness.
14- Their Promised One said that Jihad is not allowed anymore.
15- Their Promised One praised Mohammad (SAAW) many time in his writings.
16- Their Promised One was considered – by his own followers only – to be the greatest writer ever (“Sultan Al-Qalam” or “Faris Al-Maani”)
17- Their Promised One used Hisab Al-Jummal (numerical values of the words) to prove that Islam had died for 1000 years until the 19th century.
18- Their Promised One claimed that he himself is the manifestation/appearance of God. However the official position of his followers today is that manifestation of God does not mean that he himself is a God.
19- Their Promised One challenged all scholars to write a book that is equivalent to his book.
20- Their Promised One claimed that he is an Avatar, i.e. the “reincarnation of Krishna”.
21- Their Promised One claimed that he was sent by Allah (SWT) to the people of the world.
22- Their Mujaddid claimed that upon the death of a human being, his soul will immediately be given a special body that has had special nature.
23- Their Promised One claimed that sometimes the divine revelations do not follow human idiom and sometime does not even follow the rules of grammar.
24- Their Promised One claimed that he had been given the qualities of many prophets: e.g. Mohammad (SAAW), Isa (as), Musa (as), etc.
25- Their Promised One claimed that Yawm Al-Qiyamah will come after around 1000 years.
26- Their Mujaddid believed that the Heaven and the Hell are spiritual places and not physical places.
27- Their Promised One claimed that he had been receiving secret revelations for 10 years confirming that he is the promised one, however he waited 10 years before revealing this secret.
28- Their Promised One had invented new names of God.
29- They consider Quran as a Holy Book, however they also consider the Arabic Wahi of their Promised One as holy, divine and sacred.
30- Their holy Arabic revelation said that their Promised One does not speak out of his own desire, it is all Wahi vouchsafed to him
31- Their holy Arabic revelation instructed them not to worship any god but Allah.
32- Many of their Promised One’s Arabic revelations are just meaningless distortion of some Quranic verses.
33- Their promised Reformer was also a Mirza like his father, the Promised One
34- Their promised Reformer died in the month of November at an age of around 77 years.
35- Their promised Reformer introduced some interpretations that are different from the original teachings of the Promised One.
36- One of their Mirzas introduced a new special solar calendar. The months of the new calendar have had new Arabic names.
37- Their message to the world is that ‘Glory not in love for your country, but in love for all mankind’.
38- It is obligatory for them to pay to their leadership a specific amount of money that had been decided by their Promised One.
39- They believe that the antichrist is not a specific evil individual or entity.
40- Their leader claimed that the most important role for his followers is to show the true good image of Islam and the true Islamic teachings to the western people and the whole world.
41- Their Mujaddid believed that the promised one should not descend from heaven but he would appear in the body of another person.
42- They interpret many of the words “Jinn” mentioned in Quran to mean “human beings who are fiery natured”.
43- Their Mujaddid did not believe that the moon was split up literally into two parts during the lifetime of Mohammad (SAAW).
44- They teach that everyone must be loyal to the government that rules his country, whatever that government is.
45- They believe that divine revelations have not been stopped and will always continue to descend.
46- Their main center in the Middle East is located near to the city of Haifa, Palestine.
47- The followers of their Promised One in Palestine receive very special treatment from the Israeli government. However, they face a sort of persecution in some Muslim countries.
48- They are not allowed by the Saudi government to enter Mecca or Madinah.
49- They believe that Mohammad (SAAW) is “Khatam-un-Nabiyyean”, however they claim that it does not mean “the last prophet”.
50- Their women are not allowed to marry Muslims who do not believe in their Promised One.
51- They use the Quranic verses 69:45/46 ((And if he had fabricated against Us some of the sayings * We would certainly have seized him by the right hand)) to prove that their Promised One was truthful as he was not killed.
52- They claim that some kings/presidents had accepted the teachings of their Promised One.
53- They consider most of the miracles – which were shown by the prophets in Quran and the holy books – as sort of metaphor.
54- They believe that the body of Isa (as) was put on the cross.
55- They believe that Isa (as) had died.
56- They believe that Miraaj did not happen to the body of Rasulullah (saaw) but to his soul only.
57- They believe that Surat At-Takweer mentions the signs of their Promised One, and not the signs of Yawm Al-Qiyamah.
58- They translated some of the books of their Mahdi to some languages; however they still did not translate many of his Arabic books to any other language. Apparently they could not understand many of his odd, irrelevant and meaningless Arabic sentences
59- They claim that they have millions of followers in more than 200 countries. However, my own estimation about their total number worldwide is less than 2 millions.
60- Their promised Reformer caused the movement to split into two sects. Each sect says that the other sect is not on the right path.
However I would summarize the main differences between Ahmadis and Bahais as follows:
1- The Mujaddid according to Ahmadis was Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani. The Mujaddid according to Bahais was Shaykh Ahmad bin Zayn-ud-Deen al-Ahsaai.
2- The Mahdi according to Ahmadis was Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani. The Mahdi according to Bahais was Ali Mohammad Shirazi.
3- The Promised One according to Ahmadis was Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani. The Promised One according to Bahais was Mirza Hussain Ali Nuri.
4- The Promised Reformer according to Ahmadis was Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood. The Promised Reformer according to Bahais was Mirza Abbas Effendi “Abdul-Baha”.
5- The Ahmadi solar calendar was invented by Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood. The Bahai solar calendar was invented by Ali Mohammad Shirazi.
Can you find any other difference?