Indeed, The Prophets have PASSED AWAY?

بسم الله الحمد لله و صلاة و سلام على رسوم الله

Surah Aali Imran, Verse 145
Ahmadi Translation: And Muhammad is only a Messenger. Verily, all Messengers have passed away before him. If then he die or be slain, will you turn back on your heels? And he who turns back on his heels shall not harm Allah at all. And Allah will certainly reward the grateful.

Transliteration
Wama muhammadun illa rasoolun qad khalat min qablihi alrrusulu afa-in mata aw qutila inqalabtum AAala aAAqabikum waman yanqalib AAala AAaqibayhi falan yadurra Allaha shay-an wasayajzee Allahu alshshakireena

Ahmadis use this verse in combination with Surah Ma’idah Verse 75 to argue that ‘Esa bin Maryam عليه السلام died.  Ironically, this verse same verse is used by the Muslims to argue that he did not die.  Which is correct?  Lets analyze:

First, notice the word Khalat (خَلَتْ).  This word is translated as passed away, which is correct.  However, Ahmadis argue that the implication is that this word means passed away in the sense of death.  They understand this to mean that the prophets before Muhammad صلى الله عليه have [all] died.  Therefore, they argue ‘Esa bin Maryam عليه السلام, one of the prophets before Muhammad صلى الله عليه, has died.  This is correct?  More specifically, does the word Khalat (خَلَتْ) mean death?  Lets look at other verses to determine its meaning.

In Surah Aali Imran verse 138 Allah says:
Qad khalat min qablikum sunanun faseeroo fee alardi faonthuroo kayfa kana AAaqibatu almukaththibeena

Ahmadi translation: Surely, there have been many dispensations before you; so travel through the earth and see how evil was the end of those who treated the Prophets as liars.

In this verse the same word, Khalat, is used.  However, what is the object that is being “passed away”?  It is Sunan (the Plural of Sunnah), which is translated as dispensations, but I personally feel a better translation is paths or traits.  Now, I ask Ahmadis, is it possible that a trait, dispensation or path can die?  These are not living things or even physical objects, that are alive and die.  But, the same word is applied to them.  This argues that Khalat means pass away in the sense of go away, not die.  Lets look at one more verse.

In Surah al-Baqarah verse 15 Allah says:
Waitha laqoo allatheena amanoo qaloo amanna waitha khalaw ilashayateenihim qaloo inna maAAakum innama nahnu mustahzioona

Ahmadi translation: And when they meet those who believe, they say: ‘We believe;’ but when they are alone with their ringleaders, they say: ‘We are certainly with you; we are only mocking.’

In this verse we see the word khalaw, the plural of khalat.  This verse says: wa idha khalaw ila al-shayateen meaning and when [they] go to their devils.  (This Ahmadi translation conveys the gist of the meaning of the verse, but not the actual word for word translation.)  Again in this verse Allah uses the word Khalat to mean go away, not death.

One can see based on these examples that Khalat does not mean “pass away” in the sense of “death”, it means “pass away” in the sense of “depart”.

Based on this, one must rightly ask, does it mean [all] the Prophets before Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم died?  The reality is, this verse has nothing to do with the death of the prophets.  Allah is very very precise with the words he used in the Qur’an.  If this verse meant that the prophets before Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم died, Allah would have used the word yamutūna (they die)  But, Allah did not use this word.

There are other problems with this translation, specifically the inclusion of the word All (كل), as in All Messengers before him have passed away, when the word All does not exist in the Arabic text of the verse.

Now, this does not completely destroy the entire Ahmadi concept about the death of ‘Esa bin Maryam (in India at the age of 120 after his alleged adventure through Iran and Afghanistan based on Eastern Folklore and…The Bible).  After all, they have about a dozen other arguments in support of this belief.  But, it does cast doubt into their beliefs.  How could this supposed prophet of Allah bring an incorrect argument?  Did Allah incorrectly inspire him?  Or is it the more rational answer: he was faking prophethood.

Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah صلى الله عليه و سلم is the last and final prophet.
May Allah guide our Ahmadi friends to Islam.

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14 thoughts on “Indeed, The Prophets have PASSED AWAY?

  1. so ridiculous…when Khalat means “passed away” why are you using it out of context by reciting another sura which doesn’t contain the word Khalat, but Khalaw? You are the confusing one here…

  2. Ajnabi, Khalaw is the plural of the same verb. When talking about a plural masculine faa’il (doer of the action), you must use a plural masculine verb. Think of it this way. In English, saying “reads” and “read” are the same verb, but one is singular and the other is plural. The meaning remains as-is.

    Also, I provided two examples of Khalat, not just one.

  3. “Ironically, this verse same verse is used by the Muslims to argue that he did not die”

    (1) Brother, may you please give an example about a single Muslim scholar who used this particular verse to prove that Essa(pbbuh) did not die!

    (2) Also, please note that some Muslim scholars like Bukhari, Imam Malik and ibn Hazm had believd that Essa(pbbuh) had died and will come back to kill the Dajjaal. Therefore, please do not give the impression that all Muslims say “Essa (pbbuh) is still alive”.

    (3) There is no doubt that one of the meanings of “Khala” is “died”; please refer to Arabic lexicons/dictionaries. Indeed, there are some other meanings, but none of those would prove that Khalat in verse 3:144 means “Did not die”.

  4. Samer

    (1) The Islamic scholars of the past didn’t use 1 single verse to prove their beliefs, they used the entire corpus of Islamic texts (Qur’an, Sunnah, Statements of the Sahaba, etc, etc, etc). And earliest earliest earliest earliest Muslims believed that ‘Esa bin Maryam (AS) did *not* die. For example, refer to Aqeedah Tahawi, which was written only some 2-3 generations after the Prophet SAAWS died. During this time, the Muslims believed he DID NOT die, whereas the Ahmadi beliefs are a modern-day invention. So, who are you going to follow? The earliest Muslims during the time of Islamic purity or a self-declared prophet?

    (2) Neither Imam Bukhari nor Imam Muslim believed ‘Esa bin Maryam died. Infact, Sahih Muslims speaks about his return! But Ahmadis reinterpret those narrations. Go figure.
    I don’t know enough about Ibn Hazm al-Andulusi other than that I GUARANTEE you Ahmadis are not going to agree with his conclusions. He was a Dhahiri (literalist). For example, he said its allowed to look at a woman completely naked if you are considering marrying her.

    (3) I did. Khala primarily means “depart” not die. After all, in 2:15 does it mean “death”? Now, contextually it can be understood to mean death, depending on how its used. But, contextually, any word can mean anything. Consider this: if ‘Esa bin Maryam (AS) died, and its SOOO foundational to Islam, why didn’t Allah use a clear word with no ambiguity, such as mawt? Why isn’t there a verse that says like:
    إن موت عسى بن مريم في الهند
    “Indeed, Jesus the son of Mary died (mawtu) in India”

    After all, if Allah was going to send another prophet, and this would be an issue of great dispute, why didn’t he make clear declaration to help Muslims accept the “Promised Messiah”? Why is the Truth not clear and falsehood clear?

  5. Brother, Alhamdulillah, I am a Muslim, I have never been an Ahmadi.

    (1) You said (this verse same verse is used by the Muslims to argue that he did not die) but you did not give a single example about any Muslim scholar who included this verse in his proofs that Essa (pbbuh) is still alive. Please give a single example or correct your above-mentioned claim.

    (2) Your question (So, who are you going to follow? The earliest Muslims during the time of Islamic purity or a self-declared prophet?).

    You are again giving the impression that all earliest Muslims believed that Essa (as) is still alive. Brother, I have asked you few months ago to give a single example from Quran or authentic Sunnah which mention that Essa (as) is still alive! You will never find such reference which means that this belief is not one of basic Islamic beliefs at all. It is just an Ijtihhad or interpretation by some respected Muslim scholars.

    (3) Please correct your information brother. Imam Malik had actually said that Essa (pbbuh) had died and will return back before the day of Judgment. Please refer to “AL-IKMAAL” vol 1 p 445. You may also refer to “BIHAR AL ANWAR” vol 1 p 387.

    Also, the famous companion of Rasulullah, ibn Abbas (ra), had said that “Mutawaffeeka” means “I will cause your death”. Please refer to Tafseer ibn Katheer vol 1 p466. Also refer to Sahih Al-Bukhari which quotes the same saying of ibn Abbas (ra) without any comment, which means that Bukhari believes the same.

    Of course Ibn Abbas, Imam Malik, Al Bukhari and Ibn Hazm also believed that although he had died, Essa (pbbuh) himself will be alive again before the Day of Judgement as per the authentic Hadeeths.

    (4 When you refer to the meaning of KHALA in lexicons/dictionaries, you should check its use when connected to humanbeing. Here is an example from ALGHANI lexicons/dictionaries, which shows(KHALA arrajul, means the man has died)

    http://lexicons.sakhr.com/openme.asp?fileurl=/html/3089804.html

    (5) You said (if Esa bin Maryam (AS) died, and its SOOO foundational to Islam, why didn’t Allah use a clear word with no ambiguity, such as mawt)
    First, we Muslims should not ask Allah (SWT) about the reason why he had chosen certain words.
    Second, I reiterate there is no single reference in Quran or Sunnah which say that Essa (pbbuh) is still alive. Yes, there are references in Sunnah that he will come back again; but this is irrelevant since we Muslims believe that a humanbeing may return to life by a miracle of Allah (SWT). This had been done before through Essa (pbbuh), and later Essa (pbbuh) himself will come back through another miracle.

    Third, I have never said that it is SOOO foundational to Islam that Essa (pbbuh) had died; but you are the one who is trying to prove that its SOOO foundational to Islam that Essa (pbbuh) is still alive!

    peace

  6. Despite what the above readers have said, I think this was an excellent article. Has fully answered the issue as relates to this particular verse for me, alhamdullilah. I think the above readers do not seem to understand that you are not claiming to be refuting the entire Jesus is alive concept with this one article, but rather the use of this verse to argue for it.

  7. Faran,

    1. You have admitted that Khalat (خَلَتْ) means “Pass Away” as quoted. Now lets analyze the issue little deeper. The fact is that in Arabic the word Khalat (خَلَتْ), In English the word “Pass away” & even in Urdu the Word “Guzar Jana” means almost the same. And in all of these languages it means only & only passing away in the sense of death UNLESS there is some other criteria of passing away is not explicitly mentioned. For example, if someone say that “Bush Passed Away” then meaning will be that he had died. But if it is said that “While passing away in front of crowd Bush shake his hand”. Since in this case a criterion of passing away is mentioned hence it will be understood according to these criteria. Can you present just single example of the word Khalat (خَلَتْ), or “Pass Away” or “Guzar Jana” is used without any criteria and it means anything other than “Death” or “Passing Away from this world as a result of Death”?

    2: [Quote] There are other problems with this translation, specifically the inclusion of the word All (كل), as in All Messengers before him have passed away, when the word All does not exist in the Arabic text of the verse. [Unquote]

    3. Alif Laam in Arabic when attached to any word make in Special & SPECIFIC. It is like “THE” in English language. For example “AL” before word “Kitab” makes it ONE specific book i.e. Qur’an & one can not take it as merely any book. Similarly, “AL” before the word “HAMD” make it specific to mean that every possible Praise or ALL PRAISE. Can anyone take the word “AL-HAMD” as some Praise or little Praise? Everyone knows that even said or not the meaning of “ALL” is built-in in “Al-Hamad”. Even a non-Ahmadi scholar Shakir has translated “Al-Hamad” as “All praise”.

    Now we analyze verse by verse,

    This word is used in dozen of verses and its meaning are different according to situation & fact that verse is describing.
    3-145 which says,
    And Muhammad is only a Messenger. Verily, all Messengers have passed away before him. If then he die or be slain, will you turn back on your heels?
    That all prophets before Muhammad (saw) have passed away or died because ahead this verse is clearly telling us about the possible slain or death of Prophet Muhammad (saw). Here similarity in death is described. Therefore, these meaning are absolutely correct according to its situation.

    Secondly in this verse after Khalat Arabic word الرُّسُلُ is used which is plural means all prophets therefore, your claim is totally bogus.

    Now we take second verse you referred
    {05-075}
    The Messiah, son of Mary, was only a Messenger; surely, Messengers like unto him had indeed passed away before him. And his mother was a truthful woman. They both used to eat food. See how We explain the Signs for their good, and see how they are turned away.
    It says all prophets before Messiah (as) have passed away and He along with her mother Marryam used to eat food which mean they booth had died. Like all others prophets of Allah who have died similarly Messiah & Her Mother have also died because it is said that before their death they booth used to (in past tense) take food.
    The last line of this verse is enough to open the eyes that how our lord is explaining us but !Alas how you people are to turn away from truth.

    Lt’s discuss verse,
    {003-138}

    Surely, there have been many dispensations before you; so travel through the earth and see how evil was the end of those who treated the Prophets as liars.

    I was surprised at your comments as why don’t they take meaning of dispensations {Sunnah of Allah} has died.

    In this verse Allah is telling about such people’s evil end & which is accrued after death of such people who called their times prophets as liar & warning that same will be the end (death) of those people who have called Muhammad (saw) a liar.
    Therefore, fear from the hold & punishment of Allah by calling Messiah Maud (as) a liar & be ware of consequence.

    Then you referred,

    [2:15]
    And when they meet those who believe, they say: ‘We believe;’ but when they are alone with their ringleaders, they say: ‘We are certainly with you; we are only mocking.’

    Here Allah is telling about the nature of Hippocrates that in present of believers they says that they are believer but when they go back to their ringleaders they says that they were just mocking with believers.
    Here Khalao is used to indict their different behavior that in presence what they claim & when they pass away or go back to their ringleader’s changes their stance.

    Those who are calling Messiah Maud (as) liar must remember this law of Allah which never changes for anyone irrespective of their so called love & obedience of Allah & His Prophet Muhammad 9saw)

    Therefore, your entire claim is baseless.

  8. Dear IJK

    It was very interesting to read your scholarly Arabic. I really find it difficult to keep pace when you write so long messages and then suddenly run away. Just to comment on your incorrect understanding of Artabic I will discuss one of your comments.

    You said that Al means ‘all’ and therefore, ‘al hamd’ means all praise. Obviously, it shows profound ignorance because if ‘al’ means ‘all’ then when Quran talks about bani Israel that they killed ‘al anbia’ it would mean they killed all the prophets.

    I think no further comment is needed, however, you also did not know that it is Mirzai belief that Moses ah is not dead and he is alicve in Heaven in comparison to Jesus who In your belief is dead. So your complete post becomes useless and a bunch of lies when true beliefs of your cult are analyzed.

  9. وَبَآءُوْ بِغَضَبٍ مِّنَ اللّٰهِ‌ؕ ذٰلِكَ بِاَنَّهُمْ كَانُوْا يَكْفُرُوْنَ بِاٰيٰتِ اللّٰهِ وَيَقْتُلُوْنَ النَّبِيّٖنَ بِغَيْرِ
    الْحَـقِّ‌ؕ

    that was because they rejected the Signs of Allah and would kill the PROPHETS unjustly;

    Here is ref clearly saying Wayaqtaloonan Nabiyeena.

    Plz explain & prove you’re Arabic if you can.

  10. That is what I am saying, the reference clearly uses the word “Al” “Nabiyyin” so by your logic, it means all the prophets. So you want to say Bani Isreal killed all of the prophets? Like prophet Adam, like Jesus?

    “Al” in Arabic basically means ‘the’. Just like “Al kitab” means “The Book” and “Al kutub” means “The Books” and not all books.

    Please re-read your post and my post and then reply.

  11. Peace to all who love peace

    Some time I wonder who are these people? Lovers of the Prophet Muhammad SAW or the lovers of the Essa bin Maryam AS. Dafinatly the Lovers of Essa bin Maryam AS. Why? I can prove it by their own book The holy Qura’n. They realy beleive in the superiority of Essa bin Maryam after all He will be the one who is still alive and will come back form heaven and will deliver them from the satanic forces or in other words Dajjal. Their hearts are full with love of Essa bin Maryam but their tounges or pen can not show it beacause thay have a lable of MUSLIM on their forhead and are scared that their own FATWA of Qatl-e- Murtad will apply on them.
    let us see how they give superiority to Essa bin Maryam over Prophet Muhammad SAW they calaim they love the most.

    1: You see on the top that according to their believe Muhammad SAW passed away and burried in Madina but Essa AS was saved by Allah and taken away to heaven in flesh and bone (3:145). So who is superior?

    2: They believe that Essa AS was given Prophethood even when He was in tha lap of his mother on the other hand Muhammad SAW was given Prophethood at the age of fourty (3:47). Who is………….

    3: They believe that Essa AS created birds out of clay(3:50) and Muhammad SAW never made any thing like that. So who is……..

    4: According to their believe Essa bin Maryam was the only Kalima Tullah (4:172)

    To be continued

  12. So according to your beliefe who is…………

    5: 3:50 وَاُبْرِئُ الْاَكْمَهَ وَالْاَبْرَصَ Essa bin Maryam use to heal the blind and leprous as a sign from Allah. How many blaind and leprous Prophet SAW heald in his life time? So according to your beliefe who is…………..

    6: He would make the dead alive with the command of Allah 3:50 وَاُحْىِ الْمَوْتٰى بِاِذْنِ اللّٰهِ‌ۚ How many dead were quickened by the Prophet SAW. So according to your beliefe who is…………..

    7: Essa bin Maryam, according to your belief knew the unseen 3:50
    وَ اُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا تَاْكُلُوْنَ وَمَا تَدَّخِرُوْنَۙ فِىْ بُيُوْتِكُمْ‌ؕ The Prophet SAW says 6:51 وَلَاۤ اَعْلَمُ الْغَيْبَ and I know not the unseen.
    So according to your beliefe who is…………..

    To be continued (Insha Allah)

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